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Remarks by H.E. Ambassador Xie Feng At the Inaugural Conference on Indonesian Foreign Policy 2015
2015/06/17

Grand Sahid Jaya Hotel, Jakarta, 13 June 2015

Mr. Jusuf Wanandi,

Professor Don Emmerson,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

It's a great pleasure to speak at the inaugural Conference on Indonesian Foreign Policy 2015. The theme of this session is 'Indonesia, Emerging Powers and the Major Powers in the 21st Century'. This is quite relevant as it meshes well with the worldwide attention to the changing global landscape, the evolution of international relations and the strategic choice of major powers.

(1) The world today is undergoing profound and complicated changes. There are four major trends that are shaping our time.

First, greater equilibrium of global power. The international system is changing significantly and the trend towards a multi-polar world is more apparent. Emerging markets and developing countries have a greater say in world affairs. Global governance institutions such as the G20 have taken shape. And the calls for a fair, equitable political and economic order is getting louder and louder.

Second, the 'global village' effect is more visible. Countries around the world are increasingly interdependent and our destinies are closely interwoven. We are all stakeholders that will rise and fall together. Seeking peace, development and security through cooperation has become a prevailing consensus and an overriding trend in international relations.

Third, national development strategies are more pragmatic. Nation-building is moving up the development agenda for all countries and has become a front-and-centre issue. More countries are exploring development paths and improving governance models in a way that fits with their national conditions. Meanwhile, the policy communications and strategic coordination among countries are strengthening.

Fourth, risks and challenges are more diverse and systemic. Traditional and non-traditional security challenges, such as geostrategic turbulences, nuclear non-proliferation, terrorism, cyber security, food security, climate change, major epidemic disease, have wider cross-border ramifications and are getting more interconnected than ever. No country can tackle these challenges on its own.

(2) In the changing global landscape, the rise of emerging economies is obviously the most important and eye-catching phenomenon. Emerging economies and developing countries combine to make up three quarters of the world's population, and represent around 40% of the global GDP. Their weight and influence keep on rising in international economics, trade, finance, monetary system, sustainable development, energy security and climate change. China, Indonesia, India, Brazil and some others are now members of the G20 and major players in the global governance. Despite some difficulties and challenges, emerging economies and developing countries still have strong fundamentals and hold great promise. They are participants, constructors and supporters of the current international order. They don't seek to disrupt the world economic system, or intend to upend the international order. Quite the contrary, their rise will benefit the world economy, strengthen the global economic governance, make international relations more democratic, and contribute to the improvement and innovation of the global architecture.

(3) In this new context, China, Indonesia and other major emerging powers should work together to encourage the international community to take a long-term, positive view of the rise of emerging economies, and accept their roles with an open and inclusive mind. The world should embrace a more fair and equitable political and economic order.

Politically, adopt a new mindset of inclusiveness and cooperation. Countries should reject zero-sum calculations, cold war mentality and alliance politics. What is needed is a more inclusive and constructive global network of partnerships.

Economically, foster new prospects of win-win cooperation. We need to develop a sense of community of interests, and create a favorable and inclusive space of development for all. Meanwhile, emerging economies and developing countries' interests and concerns need to be accommodated in international economic governance and in the fields of development.

In terms of security, create a new future of shared security. The international community should adopt a vision of common security, cooperative security, comprehensive security and sustainable security. Countries should work through dialogue and consultation to address

Culturally, promote a new tide of exchanges and mutual learning. All countries' cultural, ethnic and religious diversity should be respected. The view of conflict of civilizations should be rejected. We should promote harmony among all kinds of civilizations and development models.

China is the world's largest developing country and emerging economy. We always uphold the banner of win-win cooperation and stay committed to the path of peaceful development. We encourage all sides to work together to build a new type of international relations of win-win cooperation. This year marks the 70th anniversary of the victory of the world anti-fascist war. China stands for safeguarding the post-World War II international order with the United Nations as the core. At the same time, it's important to reform the current international order in line with the changing global situation. The purpose should be to promote democracy in international relations and law-based global governance, and defend the lawful rights and interests of developing countries. China pursues a neighborhood foreign policy agenda that focuses on amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness. It is our firm commitment to build win-win partnerships with our neighbors for common development. We call for a new type of great power relationship of no conflict, no confrontation, mutual respect and mutual benefit. Our 'Belt and Road' initiative follows the principle of wide consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits. It is an open, inclusive regional cooperation platform. It fully accommodates the status, interests and comfort level of all sides, and it will deliver benefits to the emerging economies and developing countries in the region.

Indonesia is a major emerging economy, with an increasingly important status and role in regional and international affairs. This past April, Indonesia successfully held the Asian-African Summit, and played a leadership role in reinvigorating the Bandung Spirit and deepening the Asian-African and South-South cooperation. The China-Indonesia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership is a model of win-win cooperation between major emerging powers. Since his inauguration last October, President Jokowi has visited China twice within 5 months. And Chinese President Xi Jinping has paid two visits to Indonesia in one year and a half. These intensive top-level engagements between China and Indonesia are unprecedented, and demonstrate the strength and depth of our bilateral ties. Today, the China-Indonesia relationship is stronger than anytime in history, and it faces historic opportunities for further development. China is ready to work with Indonesia to translate our leaders' visionary guidance into concrete actions. We should coordinate development strategies, deepen practical cooperation, and enhance the coordination and cooperation in regional and global affairs, and contribute to the peace, stability and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region and the entire world. Thank you.

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